One Person Company (OPC) can be formed with only 1 owner, who acts as both the director as well as a shareholder of the company. There can be more than 1 director, but not more than 1 shareholder. It is registered as per the compliance and regulatory guidelines of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).
What is One Person Company (OPC) Registration?
The One Person Company (OPC) in recent times was launched as a good refinement over the sole proprietorship. In OPC, a single promoter gains full authority over the company thereby restricting his/her liability towards their contributions to the enterprise. Therefore, the said person will be the sole shareholder and director (however, a director nominee is present, but has zero power until the real director proves incapable of getting into the contract). Also, there can be no opportunity for contributing to employee stock options or equity funding. Additionally, if an OPC company has an average hattrick turnover of Rs. 2 crores and over or acquires a paid-up fund of Rs. 50 lakh and over, it has to be converted to a private limited company or public limited company within six months.
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Mandatory Documents Necessary for OPC Registration
To Be Given By One Person Company Director
- Scanned transcript of Passport (Foreign Nationals & NRIs) or PAN Card
- Scanned transcript of Passport, Voter’s ID or Driver’s License
- Scanned transcript of Current Bank Account Statement/Phone or Mobile Invoice/Electricity or Gas Invoice
- Scanned passport-sized photo
- Specimen autograph or impression (blank document with autograph)
Note: The OPC director as a mandate should self-attest the first three documents. If an NRI or a foreign national, all the document sheets should be notarized without fail (if at present in India or a non-Commonwealth nation) or apostilled (that is, living in a Commonwealth country).
Documents Necessary For The Registered Office
- Scanned transcript of Current Bank Account Statement/Phone or Mobile Invoice/Gas or Electricity Invoice)
- Scanned transcript of Rental Agreement written in the English language
- Scanned transcript of N-O or No-objection Certificate from the concerned property landowner
- Scanned transcript of Property or Sale Deed printed in English (if the property is owned)
Note: Your office space which is registered needs to be a commercial area; however, it can be your house of residence as well
Benefits of OPC Registration
The directors’ personal property is always safe in a private limited company, no matter the debts of the business.
Sole Proprietorships come to an end with the death of the proprietor. As an OPC company has a separate legal identity, it would pass on to the nominee director and, therefore, continue to exist.
As an OPC needs to have its books audited annually, it has greater credibility among vendors and lending institutions.
FAQs on OPC Company Registration
Why should I form an OPC?Who can register for an OPC?What are the mandatory requirements of an OPC?How much capital is required to start an OPC?What are the tax advantages available to an OPC?What is the main drawback of an OPC?How much does it cost to run an OPC?How many directors can there by in an OPC?Can I start more than one OPC at a time?
OPC Registration Process Duration
5 Business Days
Firstly, the OPC director should petition or apply for the DSC otherwise known as Digital Signature Certificate, which is mandatory to file for the company registration records. For this to come through, one only needs to submit a few scanned documents; after which our agents will file the form by filling it and put it online for submission.
7 Business Days
Once the application for the DSC is done, our agents will ask you to choose a name for your business and send us the relevant scanned documents for the same. The sent documents will be used to file for the SPICe i.e. INC-32 and the MoA is otherwise known as the Memorandum of Association and the AoA also known as the Articles of Association. Finally, at the end of this process, the Certificate of Incorporation will be processed and approved.
2 Business Days
All companies need a registered PAN or Permanent Account Number and TAN or Tax Account Number. The application will be filed online by our representatives, however, you will be asked to courier the hard copies of the relevant and required documents yourself. Post the processing, the TAN and PAN will be dispatched to you to your registered office address only within 21 business days.